Tora Kodero is a rural community located in Kisumu County, Nyanza province of Kenya.  The population of the people living in the area to be served is 3,000, according to the 2019 census.  The project is expected to serve 750 people daily. The distance to the nearest clean water source is 5 km.

In the most captivating manner, the project is expected to drive change by providing safe and clean water for drinking, support for domestic irrigation-drip irrigation, livestock farming, menstrual health management among teenagers, and youths in the car wash business.


Conflict in the Area: Considering the high demand for the commodity [water] and the adverse effects of climate change, there is a constant struggle within the community while searching for adequate water for livestock.  As a result, there is vandalism and conflict, with segregation and discrimination in particular communities, and discrimination against women. The struggle for water is [more] likely to affect young girls and women [than any other group].

Water Shortage Consequences: Due to the high shortage of water, there is food deficiency, a high, prevalent rate of diarrhea outbreaks, with significant child mortality and morbidity rates, and high risk of other water-related diseases.  The community also continues to experience shortages of farm produce, indulgence in risky sexual behavior, community disputes on the control and  management of water resources.  There is a high evacuation rate of people looking for safe and clean water in other areas, creating extreme congestion on human settlements.  There are social deprivations among adolescent girls and young women who are adversely affected on menstrual health hygiene.

A major local water source

Water Sources Study: Results show that communities living in Nyando Division access water from various sources, but in the five administrative areas, seasonal dam waters are the most common water sources for domestic use.  It is common to see people, especially children, bathe, wash clothes, and fetch water for drinking and cooking from such water points. Furthermore, watering animals and engaging in many other activities that contribute to water contamination and increase the incidence of waterborne diseases, with the resident pathogenic microorganisms being the main cause. Water sources located near densely populated trading centers like the Kobonyo and Kaboyi slums were quite unhygienic, due to high waste inflow levels, leading to higher environmental and human health risks.

The Ahero and Awasi/Onjiko Ward study area had diverse water sources for domestic use, including 5% seasonal rivers, 4% shallow wells, 62% water transported by vendors from River Nyando, and 13% roof catchments.  Results also revealed that more than two-thirds of the respondents in the Kakola Location and Onjiko Location areas in the Nyando Division depend on water from dams for domestic purposes.


IThe Project Operation and Maintenance Committee has commissioned members who participated previously in many seminars organized by churches and non-governmental organizations to address water challenges and floods affecting the Kano people, due to the constant flooding of River Nyando.  One of the committee members is a Catholic priest who has managed a water project in the western part of Kenya called OLAGO WATER PROJECT.  This priest has a vast experience on such projects. 

The Kenya Integrated Water and Sanitation Hygiene  (KIWASH) team has drilled several boreholes with the installation of 24 cubic meters of hybrid solar panels on water kiosks, namely the Kolunga Water Project, Ahero Parish Water Project, and Kokuoyo Water Project. This drilling team is trusted and has done commendable work.  The [Tura Kodero] location that has been identified is central and accessible to most people.  Security issues were also looked into.  The anticipation is that the proposed project will increase access to adequate clean and safe water not only for drinking, but also for agricultural practices such as fish farming, horticulture, under-kitchen gardens, poultry-rearing projects, and a car wash enterprise.  Hence, the project will increment households’ economic income, driven by the ability to manage their basic needs.  The experts from the County Government will equally offer technical support by providing capacity-building training on Water Resource Management, Risk Management, Financial Management, support for the connection of water to designated learning institutions, and to the most vulnerable families.

The proposed project implementation design has instituted defined mechanisms to mitigate the preempted risks and assumptions, especially on financial management issues.  The key areas of these measures include the inclusivity of the management team in the review meetings during the project undertakings, to provide for the following items.

1.  Ensure project implementation is accomplished in accordance with the Work Plan and Budget
2.  Streamline procedures and existing steadfast Procurement Policy
3.  Keep minutes for Fund Requests and Authorizations
4.  Quality assurance on value for money with the stipulated framework
5.  Bank transaction instructions with the Treasurer as the mandatory signatory
6.  Formation of the Project Management Committee
7.  Review meetings to determine Project Progress Report
8.  Timely reports

Gathering water

Loading the water for delivery

Local water distribution system

Water distribution near a busy street


The Project Operation and Maintenance Committee and the community that will benefit from the project will be asked to contribute some money monthly towards the maintenance of the project. They will be asked to own the project by participating in future maintenance.

Women do laundry at the same place they gather drinking water.


In prosperity and projecting on the long-term benefits, the proposed project is expected to improve community livelihood by scaling up the collapsed [previous] Project for economic recovery purposes, with biodiversity on the undertakings.  We expect that it will ensure the community is fully transformed for the uptake of robust farm production with reduced constraints on food scarcity, reduced waterborne diseases, and increased household economic statuses, since the money that would have been needed for care and treatment, will subsequently be used for economic recovery plans.  It will provide employment opportunities like car wash businesses.


The Project Operation and Maintenance Committee and the community that will benefit from the project will be asked to contribute some money monthly towards the maintenance of the project.  They will be asked to own the project by participating in future maintenance.


In the most distinct juncture, this project was designed through the engagement of the community under public participation regardless of the races and religious affiliation.  The design was done through the support of a fervent and devoted Islamic member, who conducted the feasibility study and administered the Needs Assessment Survey and one of the policies which have been working exceedingly well is that the implementation consideration is purely communitarian.

It is good to note that this project will be purely a community resource even though the Catholic priest is the lead person.


Project Activities:
– 1 Conduct a Hydro-Geological Survey.
– 2 Drill a Borehole Well up to 150M. Equip the well with a Submersible Electric Pump, powered by 12 Hybrid Solar Panels.
– 3 Fabricate and install a 15M-high Steel Structure with a Water Storage Tank and Distribution System.

Total Project Cost………….$ 16,861  (2,053,995 kshs )  $1.00 = 134 Kenyan shillings, as of project submission on 3/14/2024.

Cost Breakdown:
– Materials and Labor………..$ 16,861  (2,053,995 kshs )
– Administrative Costs……….Included in the overall budget. Refer to detailed budget below, in kshs.

Funding Requested……….$15,000
Other Funding Sources…The community will contribute the balance of 225,254 kshs ($1,681) to meet the total budget.

Funding Required By……….April 30, 2024
Expected Start Date………..May 15, 2024
Expected Completion……..August 1, 2024

Households gather to maintain the pond

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