Safe water in Rukiri sub-county is estimated to be accessible to only 47% of the population. The main water sources that communities in Rukiri sub-county currently depend upon are protected springs, tap stands, and a few shallow wells. Women and girls carry the primary responsibility for collecting water for their households every day.
The task of collecting water requires multiple daily trips to a local water source, many of which are not a clean, safe source of water. Women and girls routinely carry one or two water containers, weighing up to 40 pounds apiece, up and down winding pathways. They often travel alone to complete this task. Predators, both human and animal, prey on travelers putting them at risk.