The water source is a seasonal river that has a pond-like appearance. This is their only their water source during the dry season for drinking, cooking, bathing and laundry. During the rainy season (May-Oct.) they also fetch rainwater from the roof. During the dry season, they dig troughs by the river bank and collect the percolations for drinking and cooking. Sometimes they add alum (an additive to coagulate solids in the water–does not disinfect) to clarify very turbid water to drink it. The area is undeveloped, there are no deep wells in the area. The village does have a shallow, open well, but it is dry. They drink cloudy, polluted water all the time & suffer many water-related diseases. Schistosomiasis (bilharzia), typhoid, cholera, parasites, skin rashes are all common. The children have blood in their stool.